BIKE TRAIL “LES MARAIS SALANTS”

Between fresh and salt water, a mosaic of environments unfolds.

Description

The Marais Poitevin is a territory entirely shaped by man. For more than 1000 years, the latter has made considerable efforts and surprising ingenuity to ensure water management. It all started in the Middle Ages thanks to the monks. Then in the 17th century, major works made it possible to channel the water and manage it in a sustainable way. It is this great work that you discover in the dry marsh. In 1602, Champagné-les-Marais began organizing salt marshes. The water level was strictly controlled to harvest this "white gold". The salt was intended to supply the town of Poitiers, the grocery stores of Marans, Luçon or the farms for salting pigs and butter. These salt marshes operated until 1931. There are few visible traces of these meticulously maintained spaces. Most often there are only low reliefs left, called "marshes andâts". Yet salt mining has played a major role in the marsh economy. From the Gallic period onwards, it was produced around the Gulf with pictons.

  • Types : buckle

Profil

  • Type of itinerary : Cyclotourist
  • Difficulty : Easy
  • Length : 1h
  • Distance : 23 km
  • Marking : Plaquette verte gravée blanc
  • Starting commune : CHAMPAGNE-LES-MARAIS
  • Arriving commune : CHAMPAGNE-LES-MARAIS
  • Type of land : Road bicycle, Greenway
Points of interest
Les anciens marais salants

En 1602 débuta la 1ère exploitation de sel dans ces marais. Les niveaux d'eau étaient rigoureusement contrôlés pour récolter "l'or blanc". L'activité permettait de ravitailler Poitiers, Marans, Luçon ou les fermes pour le salage du cochon et du beurre. L'exploitation s'est arrêtée en 1931, suite à l'assèchement du marais.

L'îlot calcaire de Champagné

Les Portes du Chapitre

Les Mizottes de la Baie de l'Aiguillon

Le Port de l'Epine